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经济人类学授课大纲

2007-12-18

经济人类学授课大纲(黄应贵)

黃應貴教授:「經濟人類學專題討論」課程大綱

國立台灣大學人類學研究所
「經濟人類學專題討論」課程大綱(1998/2--1998/6)

授課人:
黃應貴教授(中央研究院民族學研究所研究員)

摘編自:中華民國國立台灣大學人類學系暨研究所‧系所資訊‧課程之「八十六學年度第二學期」([url]http://www-ms.cc.ntu.edu.tw/~anthro/dept/dept_frame.html[/url])

課程簡介

本課程將以一學期的上課時間,討論經濟人類學理論的發展。重點將放在經濟人類學如何成為一個人類學重要的分枝,以及不同的人類學理論,如功能論、文化論、結構馬克斯理論、政治經濟學、文化經濟學等,對於「經濟」、「理性」等基本概念的看法,及其之間的對話與轉化,並由非西方資本主義經濟的研究來探討資本主義經濟以外的其他經濟之可能性。由於被研究的對象多為西方資本主義經濟影響下的非西方社會,我們也將討論不同理論用於不同文化區所能呈現其社會文化特色的有效性,以及各文化的獨特性又如何刺激人類學家思考有關「經濟」的本質即資本主義經濟以外的其他經濟之可能性的問題。也因此,整個課程實也是以「經濟」為主題來討論人類學的一般性理論問題。換言之,我們將透過一個分支的探討,來處理及瞭解經濟的本質及整個人類學知識的性質。而上課的同學都必須每一個星期讀一本主要的經濟人類學經典著作或等份量的論文(即書目中有打「*」號均必須讀),並寫下五頁以內的讀書報告。學期末再交一份正式的「研究」報告。


一般教科書

Haplperin, R. H.
1994 Cultural Economic: Past and Present.
LeClair, E. E. & H. K. Schneider (eds.)
1968 Economic Anthropology.
Narotzky, S.
1997 New Directions in Economic Anthropology.
Seddon, D. (ed.)
1978 Relations of Production: Marxist Approaches to Economic Anthropology.
Wilk, R. R.
1996 Economies & Cultures: Foundarions of Economic Anthropology.



分講主題與書目

一、導論

二、什麼是經濟?都是馬凌諾斯基惹的禍。
Malinowski B.
*1922 Argonauts of Western Pacific: an Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in
the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea.

三、實質論與形式論的爭辯:由西方資本主義經濟的瞭解所發展的理論與概念,是否可適用於所有人類社會?
Polanyi, K.
*1968 [1958] The economy as an instituted process. in E. LeClair & N. Schneider (eds.)
Economic Anthropology, pp.122-143.
Dalton, G.
*1968 [1961] Economic theory and primitive society. in E. LeClair & N. Schneider (eds.)
Economic Anthropology., pp.122-143.
Mauss, M.
*1990 [1950] The Gift: the Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societys.
Burling, R.
*1968 [1962] Maximization theories and the study of economic anthropology. in E. LeClair
& N. Schneider (eds.) Economic Anthropology, pp.122-143.
LeClair, E. E.
*1968 [1962] Economic theory and economic anthropology. in E. LeClair & N. Schneider
(eds.) Economic Anthropology, pp.122-143., pp.122-143.
Cook, S.
*1968 [1966] The obsolete anti-market mentality, in E. LeClair & N. Schneider (eds.)
Economic Anthropology, pp.122-143.
黃應貴
1974 Tiv與Siane經濟:經濟人類學的實質論派與形式論派之比較。中央研究院民族學研究所集
刊 35:145-162.

四、03/19 資本主義經濟影響下的經濟成長與發展:社會文化是阻礙還是助力?
Sharp, L.
*1970 [1953] Steel axes for Stone-age Australians. In T. G. Harding & B. J. Wallace (eds.)
Cultures of the Pacific, pp.385-396
Bohannan, P.
*1967 [1959] The impact of money on an African subsistence economy. In G. Dalton (ed.)
Tribal and Peasant Economies, pp.123-135
Geertz, C.
*1963 Peddlers and Princes: Social Change and Economic Modernization in Two Indonesian
Towns, Chicago & London: the University of Chicago Press
*1967 [1962] Socia; change and economic modernization in two Indonesian towns. in G.
Dalton (ed.) Tribal and Peasant Economies, pp.336-394

五、農民經濟:是否可有獨立於資本主義經濟以外的經濟?
Chayano, A. V.
*1966 The Theory of Peasant Economy.

六、經濟的「本質」是「自然的」?還是「道德的」?
Polanyi, K.
*1957 Aristole discovers the economy. in K. Polanyi; C. Marensberg & H. W. Pearson
(eds.) Trade & Market in the Early Empires, pp.64-94.
Sahlins, M.
*1972 The Domestic Mode of Production. in M. Sahlins Stone Age Economics, pp.41-148.
Tompson, E. P.
*1993 The moral economy of the English crowd in the eighteenth century. in E. P. Tompson
Customs in Common, pp.185-258
Scott, J. C.
*1976 The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia.

七、馬克斯的經濟理論如何用來解釋前資本主義社會的經濟?
Godelier, M
*1972 Rationality and Irrationality in Economic.

八、馬克斯理論如何解釋前資本主義間的差異性及其形成?
Coquery-Vidrovitch, C
*1978 Research on an African mode of Production. In D. Seddon(ed.) Relations of
Production, pp. 261-288
Meillassoux, C.
*1973 On the mode of production of the hunting band. In P. Alexander (ed.) French
Perspectives in African Studies, pp. 187-203
*1978 The economy in agricultural self-sustaining societies: a preliminary analysis.
in D. Seddon (ed.) Relations of Production, pp. 127-157
*1978 The social organization of the peasantry: the economic basis of kinship. In D.
Seddon (ed.) Relations of Production, pp. 159-169
Terray, E.
*1974 Long-distance exchange and the formation of the state: the case of the Abron
Kingdom of Gyaman. Economy and Society 3(3): 313-345
*1975 Classes and class consciousness in the Abron Kingdom of Gyaman. in M. Bloch (ed.)
Marxist Analysis and Social Anthropology, 35-105
*1978 Event, structure and history: the formation of the Kingdom of Gyaman. in J.
Friedman & M. J. Rowlands (eds.) The Evolution of Social System, pp. 279-301

九、在全球性資本主義經濟體系的結構下,自成一格的文化是否仍有其獨特而具有意義的作用與機制?
Schneider, J. & P. Schneider
*1976 Culture and Political Economy in Western Sicily. New York: Academic Press Inc.
Sahlins, M.
*1994 [1988] Cosmologies of Capitalism: the trans-Pacific sector of the world system. in
N.B. Dirks, G. Eley & S.B. Ortner (eds.) A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory,
pp.412-455
Wolf, E.
1982 Europe and the People Without History.

十、被研究者如何依其文化來區辯及對待外來的資本主義之經濟力量?
Taussig, M
*1980 The Devil and Commodity Fetishism in South American. USA: The University of North
Carolina Press.

十一、經濟有如文化?
Gudeman, S
*1986 Economic As Culture: Models and Metaphors of Livelihood.
黃應貴
*1993 作物,經濟與社會--東埔社布農人的例子,中研院民族所集刊 75:133-169

十二、如何由「物」自身來看待經濟性質的改變?
Mintz, S. W.
*1985 Sweetness and Power: the Place of Sugar in Modern History. N.Y. : Viking Penguin
Inc.
Appadurai, A. (ed.)
1986 The Social Life of Things.

十三、如何由物質文化及消費而非生產或交易來瞭解經濟?
Miller, D.
*1987 Material Culture and Mass Consumption.
1997 Capitalism: An Ethnographic Approach.

十四、是生活的實踐?還是經濟?
Weiss, B.
*1996 The Making and Unmaking of the Haya Lived World: Consumption, Commoditization,
and Everyday Practice.

十五、工作(而非勞力)是否可能成為探討經濟本質的另一個可發展的著手點?
Sahlins, M.
*1972 The original affluent society. in M. Sahlins Stone Age Economics, pp.1-39.
Tompson, E. P.
*1993 [1967] Time, work-discipiline and industrial capitalism. in E. P. Thompson
Customs in Common, pp352-403
Bourdieu, P.
*1990 The Logic of Practice. pp.200-227.
Joyce, P.
*1987 The historical meanings of work. in P. Joyce (ed.) The Historical Meanings of
Work, pp.1-30.
Fajans, J.
1997 They Make Themselves: Work and Play among the Baining of Papua New Guinea.
Le Goff, J.
1980 Time, Work & Culture in the Middle Ages.

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