| anthropology site | site map | bbs | contact | site news | |

Become an Anthropologist

2012-08-24

Become an Anthropologist

Anthropology is a science dealing with man and his origins.

In this strategy, however, I'll conveniently redefine anthropology as "being interested, without judgment, in the way other people choose to live and behave." This strategy is geared toward developing your compassion, as well as a way of becoming more patient. Beyond that, however, being interested in the way other people act is a way of replacing judgments with loving-kindness. When you are genuinely curious about the way someone reacts or the way they feel about something, it's unlikely that you will also be annoyed. In this way, becoming an anthropologist is a way of becoming less frustrated by the actions of others.

When someone acts in a way that seems strange to you, rather than reacting in your usual way, such as, "I can't believe they would do that," instead say something to yourself like "I see, that must be the way she sees things in her world. Very interesting." In order for this strategy to help you, you have to be genuine. There's a fine line between being "interested" and being arrogant, as if secretly you believe that your way is better.

Recently I was at a local shopping mall with my six-year-old daughter. A group of punk rockers walked by with orange spiked hair and tattoos covering much of their bodies. My daughter immediately asked me, Daddy, why are they dressed up like that?

Are they in costumes?" Years ago I would have felt very judgmental and frustrated about these young people as if their way was wrong and my more conservative way was right. I would have blurted out some judgmental explanation to my daughter and passed along to her my judgmental views. Pretending to be an anthropologist, however, has changed my perspective a great deal; it's made me softer. I said to my daughter, "I'm not really sure, but it's interesting how different we

all are, isn't it?"

She said, "Yeah, but I like my own hair." Rather than focusing on the behavior and continuing to give it energy, we both dropped it and continued to enjoy our time together.

When you are interested in other perspectives, it doesn't imply, even slightly, that you're advocating it. I certainly wouldn't choose a punk rock lifestyle or suggest it to anyone else. At the same time, however, it's realty not my place to judge it either. One of the cardinal rules of joyful living is that judging others takes a great deal of energy and, without exception, pulls you away from where you want to be.

成为一名人类学家
Become an Anthropologist
Seperat Peace于2012-08-23 翻译
人类学是一门研究人类本身及其起源的学科。

在这种思想下,我很自然地将人类学重新定义为“保持兴趣,不加主观判断,保持研究对象的本来面目”。这种思想主要是为了培养你的责任感和工作的耐心。不仅如此,关注他人的客观行为方式还能够避免出于恻隐之心而产生的主观判断。即使你真正地对人们的行为与思维方式好奇,你也未必会被它们所干扰。所以,成为一名人类学家就是要尽量避免被外物影响你的客观判断。

当你发现有人举止怪异,与其依然故我,不认同他人的行为方式不如对自己说,“这就是她所在世界的表达方式,是的,很不错。”为了让这种思想能帮助你,你就必须保持绝对真实。有兴趣与傲慢是有区别的,所谓傲慢就是背地里坚信你的方式更佳。

前不久我带我6岁的女儿在本地一家大型购物中心购物,遇见一伙朋克摇滚乐手。他们的头发是桔黄色的,一撮一撮地竖立着,身上刺满了文身。我女儿立马问我,“爸爸,他们为什么要那样打扮呢?那是戏服吗?”如果是在几年前,我肯定会下主观判断,对他们厌恶不已,好像他们的生活方式是错误的,而我的保守的方式才是正确的。我会立即表达我的主管评价,并且将这些灌输给我的女儿。但是,设想我是一名人类学家,这使得我对人对事的视角改变了很多,这使我变得不那么犀利了。我对我的女儿说,“我并不确定,但是我们如此不同,难道不是很有趣的事吗?”

她回答道:“的确,但是我还是喜欢我自己的发型。”我们不会过度纠结他人的行为,而是将其抛之脑后,继续享受我们的时光。

即使你对别人的观点或行为方式感兴趣,也不意味着你会去提倡它们。我当然不会选择甚至建议别人选择朋克摇滚的生活方式。同时,我也不能去对别人的生活评头论足的。幸福生活的一条法则就是评判别人只会耗费精力,并且无疑会使你脱离自己的生活轨道。


Become an Anthropologist
American Anthropologist Volume 112 INDEX
Avatar, pop culture, anthropology, ethic
Avatar in Anthropology
Claude Levi-Strauss recording of an interview in 2004
Claude Levi-Strauss is dead
What is Anthropology
Anthropologist Under Attack: University of East London Punishes Chris Knight Over His Public Speech
美人类学家认为女性普遍会“有性格没身材”
Anthropologist explores heavy metal in Asia, South America and the Middle Eas
Geostatistics and spatial analysis in biological anthropology
科学家首次拍到猩猩面对面性爱照片
Anthropologist: Investors need to understand the tribal nature of banking culture
Take care of the different national traditions of anthropology
Welcome to Anthropology, your second career
Urban anthropologist: "Recognize that people want to come to the big cities"
Anthropology 2.0: Rethinking Why and How "Information is Power."
American Anthropological Association opposes collaboration with the military
Anthropology: the great divide
My turn: Anthropology during wartime
Glossary Cultural Anthropology
A Glossary of Manitoba Prehistoric Archaeology
Anthropology Glossary
what is Anthropology

[anthropology homepages] anthropologist,anthropology online,applied anthropology